Applied Behavior Analysis
Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is the science in which tactics derived from the principles of behavior are applied to improve socially significant behavior and experimentation is used to identify the variables responsible for the improvement in behavior (Cooper, Heron and Heward, 2007). Its application to children diagnosed with Autism and other Developmental Disabilities is well researched and shows to lead to meaningful increases in the skill level of children.
Clinic Based One-on-One Instruction
The purpose of this service is to assess learner needs and then develop learner skills through the provision of direct instruction in a one-on-one teaching environment several hours per week utilizing the methods of applied behavior analysis. The instruction is delivered by well-trained instructors in a well-equipped environment. The instructions is supervised by a Board Certified Behavior Analyst and Dr.Carbone. Effective data recording methods are utilized and instructional decisions are guided by student performance data.
Clinic Based Learner Assessment
The purpose of this service is to provide the family and teaching staff with an assessment of the learner's strengths and areas of need based upon direct observation and interaction with the learner. This assessment is conducted in the Carbone Clinic by Board Certified Behavior Analysts (BCBA) and Board Certified Assistant Behavior Analysts (BCaBA). A full range of skill domains, e.g. verbal behavior, self-care, socialization, etc, are assessed including those identified in the Verbal Behavior Milestones Assessment & Placement Program (VB-MAPP, Sundberg, 2008). Problem behavior that includes self-injury or behavior that interferes with learning will receive priority attention during the assessment. The assessment will also include a determination of the teaching methods which appear to facilitate the learner's acquisition of important skills. Through hands-on coaching, the learner's instructors are trained to implement the most effective teaching procedures.
Workshops and Training
Dr. Carbone and his colleagues are the developers and presenters of a series of workshops on teaching verbal behavior to children with autism based upon B. F. Skinner's analysis of verbal behavior. The schedule for each of these presentations is located on our website www.carboneclinic.com under "workshop".
Guiding Principles of the Carbone Clinic
- Every learner has the potential to develop skills beyond their current level and should be free of behaviors and activities that cause injury, pain, or limit opportunities for full community involvement.
- Communication skills and other skills that lead to rewarding personal relationships, well-being, vocational productivity, and self-determined daily activities should be targeted.
- Reliance on the evidenced-based literature of the science of applied behavior analysis and its underlying assumptions will lead to the best possible learner outcomes.
- Functional communication is the foundation that supports the development of skills in all areas and therefore B.F. Skinner’s analysis of verbal behavior and the supporting empirical work informs our treatment and instructional recommendations.
- Reliable data which are gathered and analyzed on a schedule sufficient to make informed decisions is necessary to achieve the best outcomes for our learners.